Natural teeth are meant to last a lifetime. Even teeth that are injured or diseased can often be saved through root canal treatment. Root canal treatment involves shaping the tooth's interior and placing a filling in the root. When the pulp is diseased or injured and unable to repair itself, it loses its vitality. The most common causes of pulp disease, which lead to a root canal, are a cracked tooth, a deep cavity and traumatic injury to the tooth. If root canal treatment is not provided, an abscess can form at the end of the root, resulting in pain and swelling. Even if there is no pain, substances released by bacteria can damage the bone that anchors the tooth in the jaw.
Root canal treatment usually involves one to three visits. During root canal treatment, we remove the diseased pulp. The pulp chamber and root canal are then cleaned, shaped, filled and sealed off from the bone surrounding the root. In case of considerable tooth structure loss, a metal or plastic rod or post may be placed in the root canal for structural support, and a crown is usually placed over the tooth to stabilize it. Crowns are made from a number of materials. We primarily use porcelain or porcelain over gold so you maintain a bright, natural smile.
Root canals will help your tooth remain healthy. However, brushing, flossing and regular dental exams are necessary to prevent both tooth decay and gum disease.